Saturday, July 21, 2018

Shabbat Service 7-21-2018

Join us each Shabbat at 10:00 am Pacific time for our weekly service.  Watch our midweek video teaching on Wednesday nights, download the discussion questions from our midweek teaching and be ready to join in the discussion on Shabbat.  We live stream our service on the home page of our website, vimeo and on our Moed Ministries International Facebook page.


Isaac: The Promised Seed - Part 2 - An Erev Shabbat Bible Study

This is part 2 of the study from our book, "The Shadows of the Messiah in the Torah, Vol. 4." This book is available for domestic (USA) delivery addresses from our website bookstore and from Amazon.com for all international deliveries. Join us each 1st and 3rd Fridays at 7:50 PM PDT (GMT-8) for our study time via live streaming on the home page of our website. See MoedMinistries.com for details.

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Behold, Your King is Coming to You


By Dan & Brenda Cathcart
The Video version of this teaching is available at:
The scripture reading for this teaching is: Matthew 21:1-17
Yeshua’s final journey up to Jerusalem began in Jericho, the site of the first victory as Joshua brought the children of Israel into the Promised Land. Outside the city, on the plains of Jericho, the children of Israel first ate of the produce of the land and celebrated their first Passover in the land. Yeshua had spent the previous night at the home of the tax collector Zacchaeus who, that day, received salvation. The next day, Yeshua left for Jerusalem accompanied by His disciples and a great multitude.
Matthew 20:29 NKJV 29 Now as they went out of Jericho, a great multitude followed Him.
This last trip to Jerusalem is entirely different from His previous three trips. Six months earlier, Yeshua traveled in secret to celebrate the feast of Sukkot. Afterwards, He again traveled to Jerusalem quietly to celebrate Hanukkah making only a brief appearance at the temple. Then, Yeshua traveled to Bethany just outside of Jerusalem where He raised Lazarus from the dead. This time Yeshua will arrive in Jerusalem accompanied by thousands of followers and be acclaimed the King of Israel. Surely, this is a time of great joy! Or is it? As Yeshua left Jericho in the company of His disciples, He encountered a blind beggar.
Mark 10:46-47 NKJV 46 Now they came to Jericho. As He went out of Jericho with His disciples and a great multitude, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the road begging. 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!"
Yeshua stopped and had Bartimaeus brought to Him. He asked Bartimaeus what He could do for him.
Mark 10:51-52 NKJV 51 So Jesus answered and said to him, "What do you want Me to do for you?" The blind man said to Him, "Rabboni, that I may receive my sight." 52 Then Jesus said to him, "Go your way; your faith has made you well." And immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus on the road.
Bartimaeus wanted to be able to see! Yeshua granted His request and Bartimaeus joined Yeshua on the journey to Jerusalem. Imagine the great joy of Bartimaeus as he traveled with the master to Jerusalem, perhaps for the first time, to participate in the Passover celebrations! As we leave Jericho behind, keep these two events, the salvation of Zachaeus and the healing of Bartimaeus in mind.
The Journey from Jericho to Jerusalem is an arduous one. It was about eighteen miles long uphill with an elevation change of about thirty three hundred feet.[i] This journey would take all day so Yeshua arrived late in the evening at the home of Lazarus in Bethany.
John 12:1-2 NKJV 1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He had raised from the dead. 2 There they made Him a supper; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with Him.
There was excitement in the village that night; Yeshua, the one who had raised Lazarus from the dead, was now in town and visiting with Lazarus!
John 12:9 NKJV 9 Now a great many of the Jews knew that He was there; and they came, not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might also see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead.
But not everyone was glad to see Yeshua’s arrival, the chief priests wanted to hush him up!
John 12:10-11 NKJV 10 But the chief priests plotted to put Lazarus to death also, 11 because on account of him many of the Jews went away and believed in Jesus.
The chief priests, along with some prominent Pharisees, had been plotting to have both Yeshua and Lazarus killed from the time they first heard that Yeshua had raised Lazarus from the dead. Now, for the first time since that event, Yeshua was in Jerusalem where they could easily reach him. If this was a murder mystery, the background music would get a little ominous at this point. Outwardly, everything is going well. The crowds are joyful at this time of the Passover Celebration; Yeshua is dining with friends perhaps recounting once again the events of Lazarus’ death and resurrection. Underneath the surface, danger and death await. Yeshua alone knew what was coming although He had cautioned His disciples before they arrived at Jericho about the true nature of this trip to Jerusalem and the feast of Passover.
Matthew 20:17-19 NKJV 17 Now Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples aside on the road and said to them, 18 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death, 19 "and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again."
Yeshua’s trip to Jerusalem was not so that He could be crowned King of Israel, organize an army to throw out the Romans, and establish His reign over Israel. The purpose of this trip to Jerusalem was to deliver salvation to the house of Israel as He had just delivered it to the house of Zacchaeus.
Luke 19:9-10 NKJV 9 And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham; 10 "for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost."
The name Zacchaeus is of Hebrew origin, #2140, Zakkay, meaning pure. As Yeshua said in Matthew 5:8:
Matthew 5:8 NKJV 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God.
The purpose of this trip was to open the blind eyes of Israel just like Yeshua opened the blind eyes of the poor beggar Bartimaeus. The name Bartimaeus is a contraction of the Aramaic word “bar” meaning “son” and the Hebrew word tame, #2931 in Strong’s Concordance meaning unclean. An unclean person is the opposite of pure. The blindness of Israel was caused by the uncleanness of their hearts. Yeshua came to open their eyes so that they would see!
So, at this festive dinner at the home of Lazarus where they are celebrating being together again with loved ones, rejoicing in the upcoming feast of Passover which is, of course, all about the deliverance of Israel, Yeshua is experiencing an underlying thread of sadness and grief.
Late the next day, Yeshua and His disciples leave Bethany and head for Jerusalem. On the way, they pass by the village of Bethphage. The name Bethphage comes from two Hebrew words “beit” meaning house and “pag,” #6291 in Strong’s Concordance, meaning an unripe fig.
When the disciples approached Bethphage, Yeshua sent two of His disciples to bring a donkey for Him to ride into Jerusalem.
Matthew 21:1-2 NKJV 1 Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me.
Donkeys were a relatively common means of transportation in Israel. To see someone riding a donkey would not be unusual. However, there is no mention of Yeshua ever riding a donkey. This is a significant change from what Yeshua had usually done and would certainly draw attention. Why would He need a donkey for the relatively short and easy trip into Jerusalem from Bethphage when the previous day He had walked eighteen hard miles from Jericho to Jerusalem? Matthew tells us that this was to fulfill the prophecy of the prophet Zechariah.
Matthew 21:4-5 NKJV 4 All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: 5 "Tell the daughter of Zion, 'Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.'"
The donkey is and was a widely accepted symbol of the coming of the Messiah. Another direct reference to the Messiah which is connected to a donkey is that of Jacob’s blessing over his son Judah.
Genesis 49:11 NKJV 11 Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey's colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes.
Yeshua sending for both the donkey and the colt of the donkey together blends these two prophesies together. The Rabbis also tied these two prophesies together to conclude that almost any reference to a donkey points to the coming of Messiah. This includes the donkey Abraham rode in the account of the binding of Isaac in Genesis 22.
First Fruits of Zion in The Chronicles of the Messiah quote extensively from the Talmud about “Messiah’s Donkey.” They relate a midrash that connects Abraham’s and Moses’ donkey with the donkey Messiah will ride:
“Abraham rose early in the morning… and saddled his donkey” (Genesis 22:3). Upon this donkey Abraham rode. This donkey was the offspring of the donkey which was created during the twilight (of the sixth day of creation). The same donkey was also ridden by Moses when he came to Egypt, as it says [in Exodus 4:20], “So Moses took his wife and his sons and mounted them on the donkey.” The same donkey will be ridden upon in the future by the Son of David” (Pirkei DeRabbi Eliezer 31)[ii]
Balaam’s donkey talking to him now makes sense as an allusion to the words of Messiah.
Numbers 22:28 NKJV 28 Then the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, "What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?"
This even makes sense of the provision that the firstborn of a donkey must be redeemed with a lamb!
Exodus 13:13 NKJV 13 "But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
Matthew’s quote about the coming of the king on a donkey is from Zechariah 9:9:
Zechariah 9:9 NKJV 9 "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.
Because the prophecy addresses the daughter of Zion, the words of Zechariah 9:9 are often paired with Isaiah 62:11:
Isaiah 62:11 NKJV 11 Indeed the LORD has proclaimed To the end of the world: "Say to the daughter of Zion, 'Surely your salvation is coming; Behold, His reward is with Him, And His work before Him.'"
In Zechariah, it is the king who is coming; in Isaiah, it is salvation who is coming. By parallelism, the king is salvation! By choosing to ride into Jerusalem on a colt, the foal of a donkey, Yeshua, whose name means salvation, is coming out in the open and declaring that He is the Messiah King. But the donkey that Yeshua rides is even more unusual; it is a donkey that has never been ridden! A donkey that had never been ridden would not easily carry a rider! In addition, this requirement, also, points us to rituals that require the use of animals that have not been used for any other purpose. For example, the red heifer used for the ashes of purification must be one that is three years old and never worn a yoke. First Fruits of Zion in the The Chronicles of the Messiah write:
The colt “on which no one yet has ever sat” signifies that no one before our Master (nor since our Master) could fulfill the messianic prophecies such as Zechariah 9:9. Only Yeshua could “fill those shoes.” The words “on which no one yet has ever sat” also reminds us of the tomb “where no one had ever lain” (Luke 23:53).[iii]
For most of the pilgrims going to Jerusalem for the Feast of Passover, the last time they would have seen Yeshua was at the previous Sukkot when He made the declaration that He was the source of the Living Water!
For those pilgrims who had already arrived at Jerusalem for the Passover, they would now be hearing about this same Yeshua who had raised Lazarus from the dead!
Alfred Edersheim in The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah wrote that it was the practice during Yeshua’s days for the pilgrims coming up to Jerusalem to greet each other with words of the Hallel Psalms especially Psalm 118. Those who had already arrived would go out to the roads leading to Jerusalem and chant the first refrain of a verse while those who were arriving chanted the second refrain. This continued through the whole Psalm concluding with both groups chanting together the words of Psalm 103:17:
Psalms 103:17 NKJV 17 But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting On those who fear Him, And His righteousness to children's children,
As Yeshua was coming to Jerusalem along the eastern road up from Jericho and over the Mount of Olives with other pilgrims coming along the same road, crowds greeted them with the traditional words. However, something was different. Those pilgrims who traveled with Yeshua began to take off their cloaks and lay them on ground in front of Yeshua. Others began to cut off palm branches and greet Yeshua as if He were a visiting dignitary or ruler!
Matthew 21:8-10 NKJV 8 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: "Hosanna to the Son of David! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!' Hosanna in the highest!"
The words of the Hallel now took on added meaning and fervor! The acclamations grew so loud they attracted the attention of the Pharisees in the crowd. To have all this clamor for just a teacher was unseemly!
Luke 19:39-40 NKJV 39 And some of the Pharisees called to Him from the crowd, "Teacher, rebuke Your disciples." 40 But He answered and said to them, "I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out."
As Yeshua and the crowds approached Jerusalem, they came over the Mount of Olives and got their first sight of the city. At this point Yeshua stops. Among all the rejoicing and singing, Yeshua began to weep.
Luke 19:41-44 NKJV 41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, "If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 "For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 "and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation."
Back in Egypt, Joseph told his brothers to be ready for the day of their visitation for surely God would visit them and take them out of Egypt into the Promised Land.
Genesis 50:24-25 NKJV 24 And Joseph said to his brethren, "I am dying; but God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob." 25 Then Joseph took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here."
The word “visit” is the Hebrew word “paqad,” #6485 in Strong’s Concordance meaning to visit, oversee, or give a charge. The Hebrew word “pekkudah” #6486, is derived from “paqad” meaning visitation, judgment, or account. The prophet Jeremiah frequently reminds Israel that there will be a visitation, pekkudah, from God at which time God will require an accounting, pekkudah, of their actions.
Jeremiah 8:12 MKJV 12 Were they ashamed when they had done an abomination? No, they were not at all ashamed, nor could they blush; therefore they shall fall among those who fall; in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, says the LORD.
Yeshua wept over Jerusalem knowing that His presence as a visitation from God would not be accepted. Jerusalem would not recognize the day of their visitation, and, thus, an accounting would be required. On the other hand, Zacchaeus recognized Yeshua on the day that Yeshua came to his house. Yeshua proclaimed that salvation had come to that house! Blind Bartimaeus recognized Yeshua as the Son of David and had his eyes opened! But Yeshua’s identity as the Son of David was hidden from Jerusalem. The day of Jerusalem’s visitation and accounting would be one of punishment instead of salvation!
Yeshua continued on His way into Jerusalem. He went to the temple and looked at all the things in the temple.
Mark 11:11 MKJV 11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem and into the temple. And when He had looked around on all things, the hour already being late, He went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
What did He see there in the temple? Did He see where the moneychangers would set up? Did He see the corruption of the priesthood? Did He see and hear deals being made and money change hands? After He looked, He returned to Bethany. The next day as He once again approached Jerusalem, He saw a fig tree that didn’t have any ripe figs.
Mark 11:12-14 NKJV 12 Now the next day, when they had come out from Bethany, He was hungry. 13 And seeing from afar a fig tree having leaves, He went to see if perhaps He would find something on it. When He came to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14 In response Jesus said to it, "Let no one eat fruit from you ever again." And His disciples heard it.
The fig tree connects back to Bethphage, the house of figs, where Yeshua had obtained His donkey, and it is representative of Israel. There were no ripe figs because, for Israel, it was not destined to be the season of repentance. They did not heed John the Baptist’s words about the fruits of repentance.
Matthew 3:7-10 MKJV 7 But seeing many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance; 9 and do not think to say within yourselves, We have Abraham as our father. For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 10 And now also, the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire.
This time of the Feast of Passover, a time for rejoicing in God’s deliverance contained elements of sorrow. Yeshua came humbly; riding on a donkey to bring salvation to His people. In order to bring that salvation, He would give His life. But many of those for whom He died, the house of Israel, would not receive salvation.
Yeshua comes to you, humbly, bringing you salvation. Will you be like Zacchaeus and accept Yeshua into your home, into your life, and receive the salvation He wants to give to you? Will you be like Bartimaeus and recognize Yeshua as the Son of David and receive your sight? Behold, Your King is coming to you!
Study Questions:
1. We are introduced to the beggar that Yeshua encounters outside of Jericho as “Bartimaeus, son of Timaeus.” Bartimaeus means “son of Timaeus,” so his “name” is repeated in this account. Timaeus means unclean. Discuss why the scriptures would emphasize this name by essentially repeating it.

2. The prophecy connecting Judah to a donkey is that the colt, the foal of a donkey would be tied to the choice vine. In Mark 11:1-4 Yeshua finds the donkey tied to a door in the village of Bethphage, the house of unripe figs. The vine and the fig are repeatedly used together to represent prosperity and the messianic age as in Zechariah 3:10. The absence or withholding of the fruit from the vine and fig represent judgment is in Jeremiah 8:13. Where else do the vine and the fig appear together in scripture? Discuss the significance of the donkey found in the house of unripe figs and not tied to the choice vine.

3. God frequently uses physical props to convey his meaning. For example, Hosea married a prostitute. Ezekiel laid on his left side 390 days and then on his right side 40 days symbolizing bearing the iniquity of the house of Israel and the house of Judah respectively. In what manner is Yeshua cursing of the fig tree in Mark 11:14-14 a physical prop to convey that judgment is coming on that generation? See also the parable of the fig tree in the vineyard in Luke 13:6-9

4. When Yeshua wept over Jerusalem, He lamented that they didn’t know the things that would make for their peace in Luke 19:42. The Passover sacrifice is a type of peace offering. How did Israel fail to recognize the things that would make for their peace?

5. Look up the appearance of a donkey in various accounts. First Fruits of Zion in The Chronicles of Messiah states that “The concept of “Messiah’s Donkey” plays an important role in Jewish Mysticism, and Modern Hebrew uses the phrase “Messiah’s Donkey” to refer to someone who does the “dirty work” on behalf of someone else (page1231). In what way is this demonstrated by the donkey in your account?

© 2018 Moed Ministries International


[ii] The Chonicles of the Messiah. D. Thomas Lancaster. First Fruits of Zion. ©2014 D. T. Lancaster. P.1230-1231.
[iii] The Chonicles of the Messiah. D. Thomas Lancaster. First Fruits of Zion. ©2014 D. T. Lancaster. P.1231.

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Shabbat Service 7-14-2018

Join us each Shabbat at 10:00 am Pacific time for our weekly service.  Watch our midweek video teaching on Wednesday nights, download the discussion questions from our midweek teaching and be ready to join in the discussion on Shabbat.  We live stream our service on our website, on vimeo.com and on our Moed Ministries International Facebook page.


Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Jericho, The Rich Man, and the Tax Collector


By Dan & Brenda Cathcart
Moed Ministries International
The Video version of this teaching is available at:
The Scripture reading for this teaching is Luke 19:1-9
Yeshua, the disciples and many followers had spent some time across the Jordan at the place where John the Baptist previously preached and baptized his followers.  Now it was time to go up to Jerusalem.  Now it was time to face the challenge ahead.
Luke 18:31-34 NKJV 31 Then He took the twelve aside and said to them, "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be accomplished. 32 "For He will be delivered to the Gentiles and will be mocked and insulted and spit upon. 33 "They will scourge Him and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again." 34 But they understood none of these things; this saying was hidden from them, and they did not know the things which were spoken.
Yeshua had spoken about His own death and resurrection on several occasions. But His followers and disciples did not fully understand. They were still looking for the conquering king Messiah promised by the prophets.
The place where Yeshua and His disciples crossed back over the Jordan was most likely at or very near the place that the Children of Israel first crossed the Jordan to enter the Promised land led by Joshua.  They then went to Jericho, just as Joshua did as the first stop on the mission to conquer the Promised Land.
Although Yeshua had just in the days before told them that He was going up to Jerusalem to die and be resurrected, many of His followers, perhaps, seeing that their journey thus far was following in the footsteps of Joshua and the army of Israel, believed that this was the time that He would claim His kingdom and reestablish the throne of David.
Jericho is perhaps the oldest continuously occupied city in the world.  Archeologists have determined that there has been a civilization at the site for eight thousand years - millennia before the time of Abraham.
Jericho is an oasis in an otherwise barren rift valley.  It is on the major ancient East-West trade route as well as a stopping off point for pilgrims traveling between the Galilee and Jerusalem.  There are many natural springs in the area, making it a rich farming community.
Jericho’s major export crop was Balsam.  The sap from the Balsam tree was used to make some of the finest and most expensive perfumes and ointments of the day.  The historian Josephus wrote of the prized crops of Jericho.
“It contains a wide variety of palm trees that are watered by the springs, different from each other in taste and name; the better sort of them, when they are pressed, yield an excellent kind of honey, not much inferior to the sweetness of other honey… It also bears Balsam, the most precious of all the fruits in that place…”[1]
Major empires from the Persians, to Alexander the Great, and even Cleopatra of Ptolemaic Egypt have at one time occupied the city and surrounding land of Jericho controlling the flow of trade and travelers through the region.  Herod the Great built a palace there, the ruins of which are still visible to this day.
At the time of Yeshua, Jericho was still a major crossroad and a border community and as such was still a center of trade and commerce. Along with such international trade and travelers, came a great deal of graft and corruption. The local tax collectors were among those noted for their greed.
Luke 19:1-2 NKJV 1 Then Jesus entered and passed through Jericho. 2 Now behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.
Zacchaeus’ name is derived from a Hebrew word that means “innocent.”  However, Zacchaeus was anything but innocent.  Although Jewish, being a tax collector was considered an evil occupation.  Tax collectors were placed in the same category as that of a thief, robber or prostitute. They were shunned from mainstream Jewish society.  The system for collecting taxes under Roman rule encouraged the collector to extort as much money as possible from the travelers and tradesman, therefore tax collectors were considered thieves and robbers as well. However, in their case, they were protected by law and had the legal authority to have a person jailed for non-payment of the demanded amount.
Zacchaeus was chief above many tax collectors in Jericho and his position allowed him to take a percentage of monies from other tax collectors so, consequently he was very rich.
Some of the sages argued that deliberate deceiving of a tax collector was a virtue to be cherished and celebrated.  Avoiding the tax collector was, in many circles regarded as avoiding a wild animal and as such, a mitzvah as found in the Talmud
“When a man enters a town and is accosted by a tax collector, it is like being attacked by a bear.”[2]
Also, tax collectors were not allowed to testify in a rabbinic court because their occupation required them to be dishonest.  Even Yeshua advised against trusting a tax collector, equating them to heathens.
Matthew 18:17 NKJV 17 "And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector.
As Yeshua and his followers entered Jericho, great crowds gathered in the streets to catch a glimpse of this notable and now famous teacher from Nazareth.  Zacchaeus also ventured into the streets to see Yeshua, but being a short person, could not see over the shoulders of the others. 
Luke 19:3-4 NKJV 3 And he sought to see who Jesus was, but could not because of the crowd, for he was of short stature. 4 So he ran ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Him, for He was going to pass that way.
As Yeshua and the following crowd drew nearer, Zacchaeus had secured himself a perch in a large sycamore tree. Luke doesn’t explain how Yeshua knows Zacchaeus is in the tree, let alone exactly how he knows who and what Zacchaeus is.  Perhaps his reputation preceded him as well. We can only speculate that the Holy Spirit directed Yeshua to him.
Luke 19:5-6 NKJV 5 And when Jesus came to the place, He looked up and saw him, and said to him, "Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for today I must stay at your house." 6 So he made haste and came down, and received Him joyfully.
This didn’t sit well with some of those following Yeshua. The story of Zacchaeus is obviously severely time compressed because of the next verse is phrased in the past tense.
Luke 19:7 NKJV 7 But when they saw it, they all complained, saying, "He has gone to be a guest with a man who is a sinner."
Yeshua did not hesitate to eat at Zacchaeus’ home.  As a matter of fact, Yeshua singled out Zacchaeus for that very purpose.  Zacchaeus, not being a devout Jew, would not have necessarily followed the strict Pharisaic standards for food preparation and Yeshua ate what was set before Him just as he had previously instructed His disciples to do.
Luke 10:8 NKJV 8 "Whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you.
This is not to imply that Yeshua condoned the consumption of unclean foods, but His instruction to the seventy disciples in Luke chapter eight, and His practice here as implied in the scripture was directed to Jewish households and did not imply that it was now ok to eat unclean foods.  The seventy disciples sent out by Yeshua went to Jewish households.
Yeshua sat down and had a meal and a conversation with Zacchaeus.
Luke 19:8-10 NKJV 8 Then Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Look, Lord, I give half of my goods to the poor; and if I have taken anything from anyone by false accusation, I restore fourfold." 9 And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham; 10 "for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost."
There are some interesting implications in these three verses of Luke’s narrative. Zacchaeus probably could not have been more pleased that Yeshua would choose him and his home to dine and rest while in Jericho.  He would stand to gain much prestige among his fellow tax collectors for entertaining this famous rabbi.  Much like someone today having their picture taken with a celebrity or politician. Knowing his reputation, why would Yeshua choose to spend the evening and share a meal with such a person as Zacchaeus?  This was not an unprecedented thing for Yeshua to do however.  He ate at the home of a tax collector in the Galilee region earlier in His ministry.  This tax collector was none other than the disciple Matthew, also known as Levi.
Luke 5:27-31 NKJV 27 After these things He went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax office. And He said to him, "Follow Me." 28 So he left all, rose up, and followed Him. 29 Then Levi gave Him a great feast in his own house. And there were a great number of tax collectors and others who sat down with them. 30 And their scribes and the Pharisees complained against His disciples, saying, "Why do You eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?" 31 Jesus answered and said to them, "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.
Again, the people and some of those following Yeshua around could not understand why he would dine with Zacchaeus. To dine with such a person as Zacchaeus would have been viewed as giving credence or approval to the behavior and profession of Zacchaeus.  This certainly crossed over the line of accepted social norms in that day and culture. The Talmud records the general attitude of the sages toward Tax collectors and their families.
“There is not a family of a tax collector in which they are not all tax collectors; nor is there a family of a robber in which they are not all robbers; because the rest of the family protects him.”[3]
We don’t know the course of the conversation that Yeshua had with Zacchaeus that day, but having just met another rich man earlier before coming to Jericho, we can imagine it being very similar.
Luke 18:18 NKJV 18 Now a certain ruler asked Him, saying, "Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?"
Perhaps this was the same question that Zacchaeus asked Yeshua that evening. Yeshua went on to tell this rich man about the commandments of God which the rich man stated that he had been diligent to follow.  He hadn’t stolen from anyone to attain his wealth.  He didn’t cheat anyone in his business dealings and treated his mother and father with dignity and respect as the Torah teaches.  Yet, Yeshua said he was lacking one important ingredient.
Luke 18:22-23 NKJV 22 So when Jesus heard these things, He said to him, "You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me." 23 But when he heard this, he became very sorrowful, for he was very rich.
Yeshua was not trying to tell this rich man that he could earn eternal life by just selling everything and giving it to the poor. Yeshua was getting to the real issue of where the man’s heart was centered. This rich young ruler turned away from Yeshua because his heart was on his earthly wealth rather than on treasures in heaven.
The reaction of Zacchaeus was much different than the that of the rich young ruler.  Where the rich young ruler loved his riches and walked away from his encounter with Yeshua, and apparently walked away from salvation and eternal life, the very thing he sought, Zacchaeus, like Matthew before him, accepted Yeshua’s call to repentance and followed him!
Zacchaeus’s life was completely changed by his encounter with Yeshua that day.  Did Zacchaeus expect this outcome?  Did Zacchaeus start out with a willing heart, having perhaps previously heard the message of repentance and salvation from a disciple or even John the Baptist? What did Zacchaeus want from Yeshua in the first place?  Was his original motivation for inviting Yeshua into his home completely turned on its head? Or was he already convicted and sought out Yeshua for confirmation?
There is nothing in Luke’s account to indicate what Yeshua said or did that served to change the life of Zacchaeus.  Yeshua showed honor and respect to him by entering his home and dining with him. Other Pharisees and teachers would have shunned Zacchaeus. Yeshua showed mercy and compassion in a way that no one else had done.
Something clicked in Zacchaeus’ life that night and transformed him from an arrogant, rich thief and robber to a humble and repentant servant.  As we read in verse eight, Zacchaeus committed himself on a course of restitution well beyond the requirements of the Torah. How different from the reaction of the rich young ruler!
Zacchaeus committed to return four times the amount he had stolen from those whom he had cheated.  The Torah only required the return of the amount plus one fifth at the very minimum.
Leviticus 6:4-5 NKJV 4 "then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore what he has stolen, or the thing which he has extorted, or what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or the lost thing which he found, 5 "or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it, and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering.
The Torah required thieves to repay double.
Exodus 22:7 NKJV 7 "If a man delivers to his neighbor money or articles to keep, and it is stolen out of the man's house, if the thief is found, he shall pay double.
livestock rustles were to repay four to five times the amount stolen.
Exodus 22:1 NKJV 1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.
In addition to committing himself to returning four times the amount taken in fraudulent tax collection, Zacchaeus also committed himself to give half of his considerable fortune to the poor. What was it that caused Zacchaeus to make such a pledge that far exceeded the Torah requirements?  This was certainly a radical plan and would be sure to divest Zacchaeus of his entire fortune.  Yeshua responds by making a declaration.
Luke 19:9-10 NKJV 9 And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham; 10 "for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost."
Yeshua had previously stated that He first came for the “lost sheep of Israel.”  If anyone qualified as being among the lost sheep, it would be Zacchaeus, for Yeshua said that he, too, was a son of Abraham! The apostle Paul affirms this sentiment in his first epistle to Timothy.
1 Timothy 1:15-16 NKJV 15 This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief. 16 However, for this reason I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life.
After Zacchaeus made his declaration of faith and his salvation was secured, Yeshua spent the night in his home and left Jericho the next morning to continue His journey up to Jerusalem.
What do we do when we encounter Yeshua? Do we invite Him into our homes and our life?  What are our expectations of Him?  Do we expect Him to endorse our life without calling for a changed heart?  Do we seek Him out for our own prestige and personal gain?  Do we come to Him like the rich young ruler, having lived what in our minds is a righteous life; thinking we have lived according to the rules, so we must be in?  Or do we come to Him truly seeking the kingdom of God. Do we come to Yeshua like Zacchaeus did; inviting Him in and taking to heart His teaching and receiving the salvation freely offered.  The kingdom of God can’t be gained by collecting taxes or even by living a seemingly righteous life and following a certain set of rules.  If the Master Yeshua teaches us anything, His consistent message is that we cannot attain the kingdom of God while burdened with the things of this world.
Study Questions:
1. Yeshua showed honor and respect to Zacchaeus by dining and staying the night in his home.  How should we follow this example?

2. In John 8:33-39 Yeshua said Abraham’s children would do the work of Abraham.  How did Zacchaeus do the work of Abraham?  See also Luke 3:7-8

3. Yeshua said that Zacchaeus is a son of Abraham.  Zacchaeus was lost and at enmity with God because of his corruption and occupation. In Luke 19:9-10 Yeshua said that “Today salvation has come to this house.”  In what way does the salvation of Zacchaeus represent the salvation of all of Israel?  Suggested reference: Psalm 95:7-8, Hebrews 3:7-15, Hebrews 4

4. By dining and staying at the home of Zacchaeus, Yeshua was demonstrating by his actions many of His prior teachings and parables.  What are some of the parables that apply to Yeshua dealings with Zacchaeus?

5. As Yeshua was leaving Jericho, He had an encounter with a blind beggar on the road (Mark 10:46-52).  Compare this encounter with Yeshua’s encounters with the rich young ruler and with Zacchaeus.


© 2018 Moed Ministries International. All rights reserved


[1] Flavius Josephus, Jewish Wars 4:467-473/viii3
[2] B. Sanhedrin 98a
[3] B. Shevu’ot 39a

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Shabbat Service 7-7-2018

Join us each Shabbat at 10:00 am Pacific time (GMT-8) for our weekly service. Watch our midweek video teaching on Wednesday nights, download the discussion questions from our midweek teaching and be ready to join in the discussion on Shabbat. We live stream our service on the home page of our website, vimeo and on our Moed Ministries International Facebook page.

 

Isaac: The Promised Seed - Part 1

This is part 1 of the study from our book, "The Shadows of the Messiah in the Torah, Vol. 4." This book is available for domestic (USA) delivery addresses from our website bookstore and from Amazon.com for all international deliveries. Join us each 1st and 3rd Fridays at 7:50 PM PDT (GMT-8) for our study time via live streaming on the home page of our website. See MoedMinistries.com for details.

 

Thursday, July 5, 2018

Receiving the Kingdom of God


By Dan and Brenda Cathcart
Moed Ministries International
The video version of this teaching is available at:
The scripture reading for this teaching is Mark 10:1-45
Yeshua’s parables and teachings about the kingdom of God usually focus on what the kingdom is like and who can enter into it. But now, as Yeshua is on His way to Jerusalem where He will be crucified, He turns His teaching around and talks about receiving the Kingdom.
Mark 10:15 NKJV 15 "Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it."
This looks like a two-step process; we receive the kingdom as a child and, then, enter into it. So, receiving the kingdom is a prerequisite for entering the kingdom. What is the difference between the concept of receiving the kingdom of God and entering it? How is receiving the kingdom like a child different from receiving it as an adult?
We can use the idea of receiving a gift to illustrate the idea of receiving the kingdom. After all, Paul said that God gives us the gift of eternal life through Yeshua.
Romans 6:23 NKJV 23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Suppose, then, that someone sends you a gift through the mail. The mailman delivers it and puts it on your porch. Although the gift is on your property and technically in your possession, you have not yet received it. It is not until you take it up in your hands, bring it into your house and open it that you have truly received it. We can take it even further, and say that you have not truly received the gift if you just put it back in the box and set it on a shelf. Instead, you truly receive it when you put the gift to the use for which it is given. If the gift is an article of clothing, you receive it the first time you actually wear it. If it is a decorative item, you truly receive it when you display it.
To receive the kingdom of God is to put it to its intended use. That’s a different thought isn’t it? How do we use, display or wear the kingdom of God? One way is, of course, to be a light to the world.
Matthew 5:15-16 NKJV 15 "Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.
Another way is to do the will of the Father.
Matthew 7:21 NKJV 21 "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.
In fact, we don’t receive the kingdom of God just by observing that it is on our front porch. We only fully receive the kingdom of God when it is within us.
Luke 17:20-21 NKJV 20 Now when He was asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, He answered them and said, "The kingdom of God does not come with observation; 21 "nor will they say, 'See here!' or 'See there!' For indeed, the kingdom of God is within you."
The second part of the requirement for receiving the kingdom of God is that we do it as a child. On the surface, this is easy to understand. The NKJV Study Bible comments that:
“Children exhibit sincerity, eagerness, a trusting attitude, and total dependence on their parents. Thus childlikeness is a fitting comparison for the qualities a disciple should have.”[i]
Okay, these are the good qualities that a child should have and we should receive the kingdom with sincerity, eagerness and a trusting attitude. However, anyone who has worked with children knows that children can also be selfish, stubborn, rebellious, and skeptical. There must be a deeper understanding of receiving the kingdom as a child.
The context of Yeshua’s statement about receiving the kingdom as a child leads us to a deeper understanding. Some of those who had joined Yeshua across the Jordan as He journeyed to Jerusalem brought children to Yeshua so that He could touch them, or in other words bless them.
Mark 10:13 NKJV 13 Then they brought little children to Him, that He might touch them; but the disciples rebuked those who brought them.
The first time the Bible describes someone blessing his child or offspring is Isaac’s blessing over Jacob. The first blessing Isaac gave to Jacob is the one Isaac intended to give to Esau. The second blessing Isaac gave to Jacob is the one Isaac gave specifically to Jacob.
Genesis 28:3-4 NKJV 3 "May God Almighty bless you, And make you fruitful and multiply you, That you may be an assembly of peoples; 4 And give you the blessing of Abraham, To you and your descendants with you, That you may inherit the land In which you are a stranger, Which God gave to Abraham."
Jacob followed in the practice of Isaac and blessed each of his children. It is this example that the Jewish people use today to bless their children. Every Sabbath parents lay their hands on the heads of their children and bless them. The blessing over the sons is that they be like Ephraim and Menasseh who were the first two brothers in the Bible that apparently didn’t fight with each other. The blessing over the daughters is that they be like Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, and Leah who were the matriarchs instrumental in building the Jewish people.
Yeshua was displeased with His disciples who attempted to keep the children away from Him.
Mark 10:14-16 NKJV 14 But when Jesus saw it, He was greatly displeased and said to them, "Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of God. 15 "Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it." 16 And He took them up in His arms, put His hands on them, and blessed them.
Yeshua stated that the kingdom of God is made up of the children who come to Him to be blessed. The kingdom of God is not made up of just any children, but those children who come to Him and receive His blessing! We need to come to Yeshua as a child and receive His blessing just like a child comes to His or her parents on the Sabbath and receives their blessing.
The Sabbath is a foretaste of the days of Messiah and the Kingdom of God to come. Picture the Sabbath evening – the candles are lit, the blessing over the wife has been given and now the children are called up for the blessing. Or perhaps the parents walk around the table blessing each child in turn. After the specific blessing that the child be like Ephraim, Manasseh, or Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, and Leah, the Aaronic benediction is said over each child.
Numbers 6:24-26 NKJV 24 "The LORD bless you and keep you; 25 The LORD make His face shine upon you, And be gracious to you; 26 The LORD lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace."'
Now, put yourself in the place of the children seated around the table with Yeshua at the head. He calls each of us up and blesses each of us individually. Or perhaps, He leaves His place at the head and goes to each of us seated at the table and blesses us.
In order to enter the kingdom of God, we must receive Yeshua’s blessing. We must take what He has given us and use it for its intended purpose. The first blessing in the Bible is that of God blessing Abram.
Genesis 12:1-3 NKJV 1 Now the LORD had said to Abram: "Get out of your country, From your family And from your father's house, To a land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."
In order to receive this blessing from God, Abram had to use it; he had to leave his old country behind as well as those of his family who did not believe in the One True God. And He had to be a blessing to others. When Abram left Haran for the Promised Land, he took with them those people that they had acquired who believed as he believed.
Genesis 12:5 NKJV 5 Then Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran, and they departed to go to the land of Canaan. So they came to the land of Canaan.
After blessing the children, we read that a rich young ruler eagerly came to Yeshua. He was seeking assurance that He would enter the kingdom of God.
Mark 10:17 NKJV 17 Now as He was going out on the road, one came running, knelt before Him, and asked Him, "Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?"
Matthew’s gospel adds that the man asked what good thing he could do to guarantee that he would receive eternal life.
Matthew 19:16 NKJV 16 Now behold, one came and said to Him, "Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?"
Yeshua’s answer is interesting. Instead of addressing the question, He questions the way the man addressed Him.
Mark 10:18 NKJV 18 So Jesus said to him, "Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God.
Yeshua is playing on the man’s pairing of his description of Yeshua as a good teacher and the request for a good thing to do to inherit eternal life. The Psalms refer to God as “good” numerous times, instructing the reader to give praise of thanks to God because He is good! The sages also associate to do good as acts of Torah. First Fruits of Zion comments in The Chronicles of the Messiah quoting the Talmud:
The scripture tells us in Psalm 34:14, “Turn away from evil and do good.” By the word “good” nothing is meant but Torah, as it is written [in Proverbs 4:2], “For I have given you a good teaching, do not forsake my Torah.” (b.Avodah Zarah 19b)[ii]
First, Yeshua is asking if the man is really calling Him good; that is does he understand that Yeshua is the divine Son of God. Second, Yeshua is reminding the man that good acts are acts of Torah.
Matthew 19:17b-19 NKJV 17 But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments." 18 He said to Him, "Which ones?" Jesus said, "'You shall not murder,' 'You shall not commit adultery,' 'You shall not steal,' 'You shall not bear false witness,' 19 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'"
But the man presses Yeshua, seeking one truly good thing he can do to gain eternal life.
Matthew 19:20 NKJV 20 The young man said to Him, "All these things I have kept from my youth. What do I still lack?"
He recognized that his acts of Torah were not enough for eternal life. He asks for one additional big act that he can do to earn eternal life. So, Yeshua gave him a huge good deed he could do; the man could sell everything.
Matthew 19:21 NAS95 21 Jesus said to him, "If you wish to be complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me."
Was Yeshua saying that the man could earn eternal life by just selling everything and giving it to the poor? No, read the second part of Yeshua’s instructions again; Yeshua told the rich young ruler to follow Him! Yeshua gave the man what he wanted—a good deed to do—that revealed the man’s heart. Then Yeshua gave him what he really needed; the rich, young man needed to follow him.
The gospel of Mark reveals that Yeshua’s motivation was love for this man; Yeshua desired to grant him eternal life and admittance to the kingdom of God.
Mark 10:21 NAS95 21 Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, "One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me."
It was not the act of selling all his goods that would ensure he have eternal life; it was the act of loving God above loving his worldly wealth. It was about following Yeshua. Yeshua taught about storing up wealth in heaven.
Matthew 6:19-21 NAS95 19 "Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20 "But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal; 21 for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
The rich, young man turned away from Yeshua; his heart was on earthly things not on heavenly things.
Mark 10:22 NAS95 22 But at these words he was saddened, and he went away grieving, for he was one who owned much property.
Yeshua remarked to His disciples that it was extremely hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.
Mark 10:23-25 NKJV 23 Then Jesus looked around and said to His disciples, "How hard it is for those who have riches to enter the kingdom of God!" 24 And the disciples were astonished at His words. But Jesus answered again and said to them, "Children, how hard it is for those who trust in riches to enter the kingdom of God! 25 "It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God."
Those who trust in riches cannot fully trust in God. Without trust in God, it is impossible to enter the kingdom of God. Yeshua uses the example of a camel going through the eye of a needle. Although we would like to make a whole theological construct that the eye of a needle is a gate and we just unload the camel to get through the gate, or that the word camel is the same as the Aramaic word for rope and we just need to unravel the rope until nothing is left but threads which can go through the eye of a needle; the reality is that this was a variation of a common idiom of the day. A later form of it appears in rabbinic literature as the impossibility of an elephant going through the eye of a needle.[iii] We have a similar idiom that would go like this: “A rich man will get into the kingdom of God as soon as pigs learn to fly.” It’s an impossibility for pigs to learn to fly! The disciples took the idiom as such and asked if anyone could actually get into the kingdom of God! Yeshua assured them that with God, it was indeed possible.
Mark 10:26-27 NKJV 26 And they were greatly astonished, saying among themselves, "Who then can be saved?" 27 But Jesus looked at them and said, "With men it is impossible, but not with God; for with God all things are possible."
There was nothing the rich man could do to earn his way into heaven; the camel doesn’t go through the eye of a needle, neither does a rope! However, if the rich young man would have trusted God all his heart and followed Yeshua as instructed, God would have made a way for him into the kingdom of God. If he would have followed Yeshua up to Jerusalem and to the cross, he would have been assured of eternal life.
Romans 5:8 NKJV 8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
Abram demonstrated complete trust in God when he left everything behind and set out for the Promised Land. By doing so, Abram received the blessing! This rich young man, though, rejected the blessing and failed to enter the kingdom of God.
The discussion about receiving the kingdom of God continued with Peter’s question about what the disciples would receive since they, unlike the rich, young man, did leave everything and follow Yeshua.
Mark 10:28-31 NKJV 28 Then Peter began to say to Him, "See, we have left all and followed You." 29 So Jesus answered and said, "Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My sake and the gospel's, 30 "who shall not receive a hundredfold now in this time--houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions--and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 "But many who are first will be last, and the last first."
Yeshua did not promise them a life free of troubles; Abram did not receive a life free of troubles nor did he receive the land that God promised him in this life! Yeshua promised persecution in this life, but riches in the kingdom of God! Matthew’s gospel includes the information that the twelve disciples will be placed in authority over the tribes of Israel when Yeshua sets up His kingdom on Earth.
Matthew 19:28-29 NKJV 28 So Jesus said to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 "And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My name's sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life.
Those who have put Yeshua first in their lives will receive a hundredfold return; not in material goods to make one rich, but in heavenly treasure stored for us in heaven.
After this discussion with His disciples, Yeshua began the journey from the Jordan River up to Jerusalem. As they were on the road, Yeshua explained what would happen when He arrived.
Mark 10:32-34 NKJV 32 Now they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was going before them; and they were amazed. And as they followed they were afraid. Then He took the twelve aside again and began to tell them the things that would happen to Him: 33 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and deliver Him to the Gentiles; 34 "and they will mock Him, and scourge Him, and spit on Him, and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again."
This was at least the third time that Yeshua spoke of His death and resurrection, but this time Yeshua spelled out exactly what would happen. Perhaps this accounts for some of the amazement and fear with which they followed Yeshua on the path to Jerusalem. On their last two trips to Jerusalem, the scribes and Pharisees had sought to kill Yeshua. After Yeshua’s resurrection, He would explain why it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer.
Luke 24:46-47 NKJV 46 Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, 47 "and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Yeshua had to die and rise again in order to make available the gift of eternal life and the kingdom of God. The gift of eternal life has been delivered to you. It has been waiting for you to receive it from the time Yeshua went up to Jerusalem to die and to rise again. Come to Yeshua as a child and receive the blessing He wants to give to you.
Study Questions:
1. What are ways that we show that we have received the kingdom of God?

2. How often and in what context did Yeshua touch others? How did each of these “touches” bless the person Yeshua touched?

3. Blessings and the Sabbath go together. Isaiah 56:1-8 describes the blessing received by a person who keeps the Sabbath. What is that blessing?

4. At Yeshua’s last Passover Seder, He got up and washed the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-11). Compare this event to a Father blessing His children on the Sabbath.

© 2018 Moed Ministries International. All rights reserved


[i] The NKJV Study Bible. Earl D. Radmacher, Th.D. Thomas Nelson. ©2007. P1569.
[ii] The Chonicles of the Messiah. D. Thomas Lancaster. First Fruits of Zion. ©2014 D. T. Lancaster. P.1176.
[iii] The Chonicles of the Messiah. D. Thomas Lancaster. First Fruits of Zion. ©2014 D. T. Lancaster. P.1182.